What is an Argument ?
An argument is nothing more than a statement supported by evidence. Its origin dates back to France in the 14th century. It means “statements and reasoning in support of a proposition”.
An argument can be a fact used as evidence to show that something is true, such as a study showing that exercise improves certain health conditions, an argument to be more active. Argument can also be defined within the framework of “a discussion between two or more people who have opposing views”.
Argument is defined as a set of statements connected together for the purpose of establishing a definite position. It is always a process that comes from the intellect. An argument is a deliberate attempt to go beyond making a statement. In arguing, a series of related statements are offered that represent an attempt to support that claim, to give other good reasons to believe that what you are saying is true rather than false.
What Makes a Argument Successful ?
For this, in addition to the arguments as such, additional statements must be made to support it. If an argument is admitted it will be successful; if it is not consistent, the argument fails.
This is the purpose of an argument: to provide reasons and evidence for the purpose of establishing the truth value of a proposition, which may mean establishing that the proposition is true or establishing that the proposition is false. If a series of statements does not do this, it is not an argument.
A crucial part of critical thinking is identifying, constructing, and evaluating arguments. In everyday life, people often use “argument” to refer to a fight between people. But in logic and critical thinking, an argument is a list of statements, one of which is the conclusion and the others are the premises or assumptions of the argument.
In other words, to give an argument is to provide a set of premises as reasons for accepting the conclusion. To give an argument is not necessarily to attack or criticize someone. Arguments can also be used to support other people’s points of view.
Here is an Example of an Argument:
If you want to find a good job, you must work hard. You want to find a good job. Then you should work hard. The first two sentences are the premises of the argument, the rest is the conclusion. Arguing is nothing more than offering the premises as reasons for a conclusion to be accepted.
Other Topics of Interest in ALPHAPEDIA
ARGUMENT DEFINITION IMAGE